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Government and Law - Ancient Mesopotamia

The government of early Mesopotamia was somewhat similar to democracy. The early Sumerians elected an assembly or group of people like the ancient Greeks to run the government. The kings in Sumer were elected by the assembly but as time went on the lugals considered themselves similar to Gods. They gave their power to family members when they grew too old. Because the lugals were considered godlike the ancient governments were theocracies. The lugals provided military protection and leadership and established laws. As well as oversee building projects. Later the city-states divided into provinces and were ruled by governors. The first writings were records stone tablets filled with numbers recording distributed goods.

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