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Cuneiform
Cuneiform the mesopotamian People!


Culture of the People - Ancient Mesopotamia
Ziggurat Ur (Built as a place of worship)

Music, songs and instruments.

Some songs were written for the gods but many were written to explain important events. Although music and songs to make kings and rulers laugh, they were also enjoyed by regular people who liked to sing and dance in their homes or in the marketplaces. Songs were sung to children who passed them on to their children. In this way songs were passed on through many generations until someone wrote them down. These songs provided a means of passing on through the century’s really important information about historical that were eventually be passed on to modern historians. The Oud (Arabic: العود) is a stringed musical instrument. The oldest Picture record of the Oud dates back to the Uruk period in Southern Mesopotamia over 5000 years ago. It is on a cylinder seal currently housed at the British Museum and acquired by Dr. Dominique Collon. The oud is regarded as a precursor to the European lute. Its name is derived from the Arabic word العود al-‘ūd 'the wood', which is probably the name of the tree from which the oud was made.

Games
Hunting was popular among Assyrian kings. Boxing and wrestling feature on many occasions in art, and a form of polo was probably popular, with men sitting on the shoulders of other men rather than on horses. They also played a board game similar to senet and backgammon, now known as the "Royal Game of Ur."


Family life

Mesopotamia was a patriarchial society; the men were way more powerful than the women. And schooling was for only royal children and sons of the rich and professionals such as scribes, physicians, temple administrators, and so on. They were the only ones that went to school. Most boys were taught their father's trade or were trained to learn a trade. Girls had to stay home with their mothers to learn Housekeeping and cooking, and to look after the younger children. Some children would help with crushing grain, or cleaning birds. Unusual for that time in history, women in Mesopotamia had rights. They could own property and, if they had good reason, they could get a divorce.

[Cape and Jewelry]
Mesopotamian Women's Jewelry


Women
The Mesopotamian woman's role was strictly defined. She was the daughter of her father and then became the wife of her husband. Women rarely acted as individuals outside the surrounding of their families. Those who did so were usually royalty or the wives of men who had power and status.
Most girls were brought up from childhood for the traditional roles of wife, mother, and housekeeper. They learned how to grind grain, how to cook and make beverages, especially beer, and how to spin and weave cloth for clothing. If a woman worked outside of her home, her job usually grew out of her household tasks. She might sell the beer she brewed, or even become a tavern keeper. Childbearing and childcare roles led women to become midwives and also to create medicines that prevented pregnancy or produced abortions.
Soon after puberty, a young girl was considered ready for marriage. Marriages were arranged by the families of the future bride and groom. Ceremonies have been described where the future husband poured perfume on the head of the bride. He also gave her family money and other presents. Once a woman was engaged, she was considered part of her fiancé's family. If her husband-to-be died before the wedding, she was then married to one of his brothers or another male relative.


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